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Syria: The Citadel & the War

The State of Syria: Past, Present and Future 

Archaeologists believe that human beings settled on the hilltop that became Aleppo - some 225 miles north of Damascus - around eight thousand years ago. Cuneiform tablets from the third millennium BC record the construction of a temple to a chariot-riding storm god, usually called Hadad; while mid-second-millennium Hittite archives point to the settlement's growing political and economic power. Its Arabic name, Haleb, is said to derive from Haleb Ibrahim, Milk of Abraham, for the sheep's milk the biblical patriarch offered to travelers in Aleppo's environs. Successive conquerors planted their standards on the ramparts of a fortress that they enlarged and reinforced over centuries to complete the impressive stone Citadel that dominates the city today.

Read the rest of the article in Charles Glass's new e-book The State of Syria: Past, Present and Future.


© Charles Glass 2012





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