Anybody remember the Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1907 that effectively excluded Japanese workers from the US? Or the lynching of Chinese men and boys in Los Angeles in 1871? Or the longstanding practice of lynching black people that compelled Mark Twain to call this country “the United States of Lyncherdom?”
What are the White House and Speaker Ryan saying? Can the White House be referring to American values that include gun worship, police racism and non-stop foreign wars? Can Ryan be referring to the Republican Party that welcomed the old Dixiecrat Strom Thurmond when the national Democratic Party abandoned its long-standing commitment to racial segregation? Trump is in the right country and the right party, although we might lend him to the French if Marine Le Pen needs a hand.
American history is replete with generations of populists like Trump who wanted to close the country’s doors to just about every race, religion and language group somebody didn’t like. It was the Catholic threat from the 17th century onwards, and it was the Yellow Peril in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Anybody remember the Gentlemen’s Agreement of 1907 that effectively excluded Japanese workers from the US? Or the lynching of Chinese men and boys in Los Angeles in 1871? Or the longstanding practice of lynching black people that compelled Mark Twain to call this country “the United States of Lyncherdom?” Trump’s rap has roots in the Salem witch trials, the white knights in the white sheets, the sermons of Father Charles Coughlin and the purges of Senator Joe McCarthy. If Trump is not American, who is?
From the beginning, our forebears in colonial Virginia and Massachusetts prohibited admission to Catholics. They murdered Indians and kept black people in slavery. They and their descendants sought to exclude Jews, Chinese, Japanese, eastern Europeans, southern Europeans, Mexicans, South Americans and anybody else who didn’t look fair-skinned and worship in a Protestant church. It’s the American way.
One exception was William Penn’s Quaker outpost in Pennsylvania, which stood for everything Trump opposes. It welcomed not only Catholics, but Jews, freethinkers and, if any had shown an interest, Muslims. Trump would have hated Penn. The Puritans did hate him.
German settlers were among the first to reach North America, but that did not stop the Know-Nothing Party of the 1850s from opposing further immigration to the US. Germans did not, as so many of us still do not, conform to an English-speaking ideal of The Real American. The Know-Nothings expressed considerable venom for Germans fleeing from repression of the 1848 revolutions that threatened to bring down monarchies and usher in republican government in Europe. One of these was Carl Schurz, who joined the Republican Party when its purpose was to end slavery and became US Minister to Spain, a Union Army major general, Missouri’s US senator and Secretary of the Interior. Schurz said, “This is true Americanism, clasping mankind to its great heart.”
The Know-Nothings, being generous with their prejudices, did not limit their hatred to the Germans. The Irish, refugees from starvation during the potato famine of 1847 and after, earned their greatest ire. Their “no Irish need apply” signs did not disappear from many employers’ windows until well into the 20th century. The Irish, of course, adapted and thrived. They absorbed the racial prejudices of their new land, often beating up Jews in the streets or burning down New York’s Colored Orphan Asylum during the anti-draft riots of 1863.
The Know-Nothings had a cause: to keep America white, Protestant and Anglo-Saxon. Trump has a cause: to keep out Mexicans, Muslims and anybody else he decides to pick on. The Know-Nothings took their exclusionary, not to say delusionary, notions into the electoral area and founded the American Party. If Trump loses the Republican nomination, he might consider taking that name for a third party run.
Some Know-Nothings made it to Congress, where they railed against immigration and sought to ban Catholics from public office. One of them, the long forgotten Millard Fillmore, became the thirteenth president of the United States. To be fair to the electorate, they chose him as vice president. His president, General Taylor, whom Trump would undoubtedly admire for spending most of his military career fighting Indians and Mexicans, had the misfortune to die in office. Fillmore served only three years and was not reelected.
Like it or not,Trump is as much an American as Martin Luther King. If it hadn’t been for people like Trump in the past, there would have been no need for people like King. You cannot wash racism, ignorance and demagoguery out of American history.. It is fatuous to say Trump is “not who we are.” He is who many of us were in the era of slavery and lynching, and who many of us are in the era of police shootings and Islamophobia.
All I can say about Trump is what Mark Twain is alleged to have said about the Jews: “Jews are part of the human race. Worse than that, I cannot say of them.” The fears Trump stokes are our own. Democracy is ever at risk from demagogues and would-be “strong men.” The test is whether we succumb to their blandishments, or whether we offer allegiance to those who summon what Abraham Lincoln called “the better angels of our nature.”